Copyright © 2008 All Rights Reserved. Al-Hakim Foundation.   
The first national survey about violence against women in Iraq

Violence against women considered one of major critical phenomena in the human societies,
even with great progress of humanity but this phenomenon still exit.

 Al-Hakim Foundation was one of the first Iraqi civil society organization called to take serious
measures to eliminate this phenomenon from Iraqi society. In addition to the various programs
that foundation organized to help in eradication of violence against women in Iraq, Al-Hakim
foundation also adapted the call of H.E. Sayyed Abdul Aziz Al-Hakim for announcing an Islamic
Day for Elimination Violence Against Women on the first day of second month in the Islamic –
Hijri- calendar every year.

On August 2009 the scientific committee in Al-Hakim Foundation started a national survey about
violence against women to raise the understanding of this phenomenon and its causes and to
find out the best methods to eradicate it and to help the victims.
The survey continue for almost 6 months and survey included ten Iraqi provinces
( Arbil, Mosul, Kirkuk, Diyala, Baghdad, Najaf, Babylon, Basra, Dhi Qar, Qadissiya).
Those cities represent all kind of Iraqi social segments.
This survey included questions about age, marital states, education, family income, jobs,
employer, family size, house hold working, social background, and housing.
Survey included direct questions about violence women that exposed to, like type, place, sources,
and reasons. And how women think when exposed to violence and what is their response.

Result of the survey:

Women exposed to violence:
Never exposed to violence: 42%,
Sometimes exposed to violence: 36%
Frequently exposed to violence: 22%

Number of times of exposed to violence :
none :38%
Sometimes : 29%
Rarely: 20%
Always: 13%

Types of violence that women exposed to:
Never exposed to any type: 32.5%
Verbal violence 29%
Emotional violence: 17.5%
Physical violence: 7%
Physical, verbal, and emotional: 12%
Others: 2%

Sources of violence:
No sources: 36.5 %
Husband: 30%
Brother 11.7  %
Father 8.3%
Mother 3.4%
Relatives 5.2 %
Other 3%

Places of violence:
Home: 55.6%
University and institute: 1%

Cause of violence :
Anger 33.1%
Sexual causes: 2.3%

Response of women to violence:
Keep it secret: 39.7%
Seek justice: 5.5%

Consequences of violence
No consequences: 30.7%
Mental irritability: 20%
Depression: 18.7
Fear: 9.2%
Jealousy: 8.2%
Hatred: 6.5 %
Revenge desire: 4.6%
Others 1.7%
Marital states
Married 52.5 %
Separated 3.1 %  
Primary educated 35.6 %
Highly educated 3 %
Low income 63.9 %
Highly income 6 %
Unemployed 71.8 %  
Employed 11.3 %
Job type
House wife  58.3 %
Privet sector 4.3 %
Family size
> 4 ,      66.5 %
< 4,     33.5 %
House hold working
Husband 33.4 %
Wife 16.3%
Social background
Urban 66.4
Rural 3.2 %
Live with husband family 31.1
Live independent  8.5 %
Single women
Live with parents 88.3%
Live with relative 3.9 %
Social class
Conservative families 45.1 %
Non conservative 4.3%